5.8.step 1 Anterior cervical paramedian osteoderms
The first three paramedian rows of one’s right side are preserved in PEFO 34561, and several rows try maintained during the PEFO 42442/UWBM 116869 (Figure 12h). The original osteoderm is roughly triangular during the dorsolateral consider that have upright medial and you can posterior entation are weakly incised, and there’s no prior bar. Alternatively, towards the prior ventral epidermis discover an excellent scalloped, rugose body having articulation for the rear margin of your head. So it osteoderm is a lot like the initial in its morphology except it does not have the fresh ventral articular body and you may alternatively keeps a good poor anterior bar along side slim anterior margin. The 3rd osteoderm try square (mediolateral width:anteroposterior size proportion of 2.0), having a beneficial dorsal ornamentation out-of small pits. This osteoderm is actually curved near their horizontal border, and there’s a pronounced prior bar with an effective triangular prior projection at the part out of arching. Brand new ventral body of your own plate is actually smooth. In the dorsal check, the latest medial margin are upright, while the fresh horizontal margin try softly rounded and you will does not have an enthusiastic articular facial skin getting a lateral osteoderm.
5.8.2 Middle and you can rear cervical paramedian osteoderms
Cervical paramedian osteoderms is actually wide than much time (mediolateral depth:anteroposterior size proportion out-of 2.5 excluding the latest prior club) and appear so you’re able to expand some in for every single further rear line (Shape 12h). The newest dorsal pitting is reduced and weakly incised. The newest prior pub makes up you to definitely-5th of your complete amount of the osteoderm. The latest prior margin of osteoderm try upright and lacks anteromedial and prior projections. The newest osteoderm was a bit curved close to the horizontal border, two-thirds the distance regarding the medial line. There’s no dorsal eminence for the section where in fact the osteoderm are curved. For the dorsal view the medial margin of one’s osteoderm try upright, while the fresh lateral edge was weakly curved. The latest horizontal margins taper and just have zero signs of a keen articular surface having a lateral osteoderm. Ergo, there is certainly presently zero research getting cervical lateral osteoderms in R. callenderi.
5.8.step three Dorsal trunk area paramedian osteoderms
Dorsal paramedian osteoderms was called for example as they security the trunk spinal collection (Long & Ballew, 1985 ). These types of osteoderms (Numbers 12a, b, h) have mediolateral width:anteroposterior size percentages of approximately dos.dos excluding the prior bar. The fresh dorsal pitting on these plates try huge and incised up coming for the cervical paramedians. Into the dorsal examine, the medial margin is actually straight, additionally the lateral boundary slightly rounded. As in new cervicals, such osteoderms was transversely curved around the lateral margin; not, in lots of of these osteoderms there is an excellent dorsal eminence inside the the type of an anteroposterior ridge that lacks pitting and you can relationships this new posterior margin of the osteoderm. That it ridge is much more noticable regarding the way more posteriorly created osteoderms, although right position from the changes is not obvious in the current materials. The new anterior datingranking.net/tr/clover-inceleme/ bar are well-create however, constitutes less than you to definitely-fifth of overall length of new osteoderm, compared to the latest cervical osteoderms. Furthermore, there have been two distinctive line of processes towards anterior bar, a beneficial triangular prior processes anterior towards dorsal eminence and you may an effective triangular anteromedial projection. The latest prior margin of osteoderm anywhere between those two projections is actually concave inside the dorsal check. Similar projections together with concave edian plates away from low-desmatosuchin aetosaurs (elizabeth.g., Scutarx deltatylus, PEFO 34045). The new ventral skin of your osteoderm is actually simple.
5.8.cuatro Horizontal trunk area osteoderms
The brand new articulated sample PEFO 42442/UWBM 116869 (Contour 12h) conserves a few of the horizontal osteoderms from inside the articulation (eight off to the right front and you can six towards the left), and so they were introduce by way of at the least the fresh new middle-trunk so you’re able to sacral urban area. Cervical and you can caudal horizontal osteoderms aren’t managed. Discover simply a single gang of lateral osteoderms per row as with aetosaurs, different of An excellent. geoffreyi, that specific nations keeps line of external and internal lateral osteoderms ( ). The newest horizontal osteoderms off Roentgen. callenderi was markedly oblong (subrectangular otherwise oval, longer than wide), having an increasing main keel and you may a surrounding ornamentation away from shallow pits like in others osteoderms (Profile 12c). There is no good medial articulation epidermis towards the relevant paramedian; however, the latest medial boundary was upright, whereas the horizontal line try rounded. New horizontal osteoderms try some flexed from inside the anterior and you will posterior views, for this reason new ability is split up into collection of medial and lateral flanges such as aetosaurs (Parker, 2007 ). Such flanges was out of roughly equal size, and total the newest osteoderms are slim in comparison with almost every other aetosauriforms, differing significantly about horizontal osteoderms of An excellent. geoffreyi, and you can aetosaurs that are much greater during the dorsal see and you can often square otherwise wider than simply enough time rectangles (Desojo mais aussi al., 2013 ; ). Additionally, brand new laterals regarding R. callenderi run out of noticable dorsal eminences you to definitely form elongate spines in a lot of most other aetosauriforms (age.grams, desmatosuchin aetosaurs sensu Parker, 2016a ). Alternatively they appear more like brand new appendicular osteoderms utilized in aetosaurs and you may erpetosuchids (elizabeth.g., Ezcurra et al., 2017 ; Heckert & Lucas, 1999 ).